The Instruction in a Pharisee’s House

Lesson about Work on the Sabbath (Luke 14:1-6). Surprisingly, Jesus went into the house of one of
the leaders of the Pharisees on the Sabbath to eat bread, and they were watching Him closely. The
occasion was staged to furnish an opportunity to catch Him in the act of breaking the Sabbath when He
healed the man suffering with dropsy. Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to
heal on the Sabbath or not?” But they remained silent because they knew that the Law permits work of
mercy to be done on the Sabbath without violating it. So taking hold of the man, He healed him and sent
him away. He explained His action by reminding them that if they had a son (whom they loved) or an ox
(which they deemed valuable) that fell into a well on the Sabbath, they would rescue that which was
trapped. This would involve labor. They would not consider themselves guilty of a Sabbath violation
since the Law allowed them to preserve life on the Sabbath.

Lesson about Humility (Luke 14:7-14). Christ proceeds to give a lesson in humility (Luke14:7-14).
The well-known Pharisaic practice of promoting oneself was evident at the feast, and Christ watched the
guests vie for positions of honor at the table. The closer to the host a guest sat, the more honored that
guest was. He used this occasion to teach them that “everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and
he who humbles himself will be exalted.” Then Jesus said to his host, “When you give a luncheon or
dinner, do not invite your friends, your brothers or relatives, or your rich neighbors; if you do, they may
invite you back and so you will be repaid. But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the
lame, the blind, and you will be blessed. Although they cannot repay you, you will be repaid at the
resurrection of the righteous.”

Here Jesus affirms the resurrection of the dead, and He speaks of a particular resurrection, when the
righteous will be rewarded. There will be the two resurrections. At the first resurrection the righteous
will be rewarded at the Judgment Seat of God and the second, the unrighteous will judged at the Great
White Throne and thrown into the Lake of Fire.

Lesson on Entrance into the Kingdom (Luke 14:16-24; Matthew 22:2-14). Jesus teaches the Parable
of the Great Banquet, which is rooted in Chapter 9 of Proverbs. The Jews pictured their future kingdom
as a great feast with the patriarchs as the honored guests (Luke 13:28-29; Isaiah 25:6-9), and Jesus used
this picture to illustrate the importance of accepting God’s invitation to “salvation’s supper.” Salvation is
a feast—everything we need has already been provided. All we must do is accept the invitation, come
and be filled! Three people gave feeble excuses in the area of possessions, profession, and family. Only
a fool would buy land without examining it first. Furthermore, anybody who buys ten oxen without first
testing them is a fool. Finally, a person who lets family stand in the way of their salvation is a fool.
These men were not ready to make the sacrifices involved; so they declined the invitation. These three
men represent self-righteous of Israel, who have no need of the Host (Christ).

The Owner of the house (Christ) orders His servant (Holy Spirit) to bring in the poor, the crippled, the
blind and the lame (Israelite sinners). There is still room reports back the servant. Then the Master told
His servant, “Go out to the roads and country lanes (Gentile sinners) and make them come in, so that my
house will be full. It was not the invitation that guaranteed blessing, but the response to the invitation. “I
tell you, not one of those men [self-righteous Israel] who were invited will get a taste of my banquet [the
kingdom]” (cf. Luke 13:5; Revelation 3:20).

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